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Lupus eritematoso sistémico: datos sociodemográficos y su correlación clínico-analítica en un hospital universitario

Autores: Eduardo Mussano, Laura Onetti, Isaac Cadile, Marina Werner, Alfredo Ruffin, Sandra Buliubasich, Chistian Cañete, Cintia Lastra, Carlos Onetti, Gloria Barberis, Susana Gamron, Paola Ferrero

Objective: to analyze demographic and clinical characteristics in SLE patients from a university hospital in Córdoba. Patients and Methods: We analyzed retrospectively 303 adult SLE patients assisted between 1987 and 2017 who met ACR1982 SLE criteria. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data and causes of death, hospitalization and treatments were analyzed with excel, infostat and SPSS for Windows.
Results: 92% were women (race: women 44% mestizo; men 61% mestizo; mean age at diagnosis: 32 years, mean time of evolution 11 years). 1/3 of them finished primary school and most of them had medium socioeconomic status. Musculoskeletal and skin involvement was most frequent as presentation symptom and during the evolution of disease. 60% had renal involvement being type 4 glomerulonephritis the most prevalent histopathological finding. Causes of death were septicemia and alveolar hemorrhage, associated with higher SLICC, anti-DNA (+), leucopenia, low socioeconomic status and mestizo race as markers of poor prognosis. Conclusion: Female gender, mestizo race, medium socioeconomic status and primary level of education predominated in this series. Presentation symptoms were musculoskeletal and skin involvement. Causes of death were infections or alveolar hemorrhage. Anti-DNA (+), leucopenia, low socioeconomic status and mestizo race were markers of poor prognosis

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