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Validación del Índice Funcional para Osteoartritis de Manos (FIHOA) en pacientes con artritis reumatoidea

Autores: J.M. Bande, S.B. Papasidero, M.J. Santa Cruz, M.A. Medina, D.S. Klajn, J.A. Caracciolo, J. Giantinoto, F. Pelagagge, G.M. Battaglia

FIHOA was developed to evaluate the functional capacity of patients with OA hands. Objetive: To validate FIHOA in patients with RA. Methods: Analytical, observational, prospective cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients with diagnosis of RA (ACR/EULAR 2010) were included. Demographic and RA characteristics were recorded. Patients completed the following self-administered questionnaires: FIHOA, HAQ-A, HAQ-UP-A and Quick DASH. For a patient subgroup, an occupational therapist performed an objective evaluation of the functional capacity of the hands using the SODA-A. Reproducibility was assessed. Statistical analysis: Descriptive statistics. Reliability with the Cronbach test. Construct validity with Spearman correlation. Reproducibility with test-retest reliability. Linear regression model. Results: One hundred patients were included. Cronbach’s alpha test was 0.94. There were no redundant questions. FIHOA showed an excellent correlation with HAQ-A (r=0.89); HAQUP-A (r=0.89); Quick DASH (r=0.90) and SODA-A (r=-0.80); and a good correlation with DAS28ERS (r=0.65) and with other disease parameters. Questionnaire reproducibility was 0.73. A multiple linear regression showed morning stiffness as the main determinant of FIHOA, followed by glucocorticoid use and patient global assessment. Conclusion: FIHOA was found to be reliable, valid and reproducible in patients with RA.

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